Saudi Arabia in Transition
By Lawrence G. Potter
As Saudi Arabia struggles to adjust to the drastic decline in oil revenue, Deputy Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman attempts to boldly transform the country and shift more power to the younger generation. At the same time, many countries such as the U.S. point out the lack of democracy, women’s rights and human rights in Saudi Arabia, and blame its promotion of Wahhabism, an extremely conservative version of Islam, for creating jihadists. Bipartisan criticism of Saudi Arabia is rising in Congress. Both countries need each other, but they are at a crossroads in bilateral relations.
Speaker: Jeffrey Addicott
Lt. Colonel (U.S. Army, ret.)
Professor of Law & Director
Center for Terrorism Law
St. Mary's University School of Law
Lt. Colonel (U.S. Army, ret.) Jeffrey F. Addicott is a Professor of Law and the Director of the Center for Terrorism Law. An active duty Army officer in the Judge Advocate General’s Corps for twenty years, Addicott spent a quarter of his career as the senior legal advisor to the United States Army’s Special Forces. As an internationally recognized authority on national security law, Addicott not only lectures and participates in professional and academic organizations both in the United States and abroad (more than 700 speeches), but he has also testified before Congress on a variety of legal issues. He has also been a regular contributor to national and international news media outlets to include FOX NEWS Channel, MSNBC, CNN, BBC, New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, USA Today, (more than 4,000 media interviews). Addicott is a prolific author, publishing over 60 books, articles and monographs on a variety of legal topics.
Among his many contributions to the field, Addicott pioneered the teaching of law of war and human rights courses to the militaries of numerous nascent democracies in Eastern Europe and Latin America. For these efforts he was awarded the Legion of Merit, named the “Army Judge Advocate of the Year,” and honored as a co-recipient of the American Bar Association’s Hodson Award. Addicott has served in senior legal positions in Germany, Korea, Panama, and throughout the United States. Addicott holds a Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.) and Master of Laws (LL.M.) from the University of Virginia School of Law. He also received a Master of Laws (LL.M.) from the Army Judge Advocate General’s School, where he was the Deputy Director of the International and Operational Law Division, and a Juris Doctor (J.D.) from the University of Alabama School of Law. Apart from teaching a variety of courses at the law school, Addicott served as the Associate Dean for Administration at St. Mary’s University School of Law (2006-2007).
Highlights and Awards
Recipient: St. Mary’s Alumni Association’s “2007 St. Mary’s University School of Law Distinguished Faculty Award,” awarded each year to the distinguished law faculty member.
Recipient of the 2011 Vice Admiral George C. Dyer Award, Military Order of the World War’s, awarded each year to the “most outstanding article published by the Officer Review magazine.”
Recipient of the “Distinguish Service Medal of the State of Alabama,” 1999, for “exceptionally meritorious and distinguished military or civilian service for or to the benefit of the United States or the State of Alabama.”
Co-recipient: American Bar Association’s “Hodson Award for 1995,” awarded each year to the “outstanding public sector law office in the nation.”
Recipient: “1993 Outstanding Career Army Judge Advocate Award,” awarded by the Judge Advocates Bar Association.
Recipient: “1983 Academy of Health Sciences Commander’s Award – Hospital Law.”
Member of the Bar of Alabama; U.S. Supreme Court; Court of Military Appeals; American Bar Association; International Society for Military Law; the Law of War; Military Order of the World Wars; Phi Kappa Phi Honor Society; Special Forces Association; Sons of Confederate Veterans; board member of the Toda Institute for Peace; contributing editor for JURIST; Law Faculty on Federalist Society.
- Radical Islam Why?: Confronting Jihad at Home & Abroad, (Tucson, AZ: Lawyers and Judges Pub. Co., 2016).
- Terrorism Law: Materials, Cases, Comments, 7th ed. (Tucson, AZ: Lawyers and Judges Pub. Co., 2014).
- Globalization, International Law, and Human Rights, Addicott, Bhuiyan, & Chowdhury(New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press, 2012).
- Constitutional Rights for Guantanamo Detainees: An Immediate Look at the Legal and Governmental Ramifications of Boumediene v. Bush, Addicott; Rose III (New York, NY: Thompson/Aspatore Pub. Co., 2008).
- Selected Essays on State Open Government Law and Practice in a Post-9/11 World, Addicott & Garcia, editors, (Tucson, AZ: Lawyers and Judges Pub. Co., 2008).
- State Open Government Law and Practice in a Post-9/11 World, Addicott, Cochran, Dalglish & Winegar, editors, (Tucson, AZ: Lawyers and Judges Pub. Co., 2007).
- Human Rights & International Humanitarian Law Handbook (Bogotá, Colombia: Imprenta y Publicaciones de las Fuerzas Militares, 1999).
- Law of War: Handbook for Officers of Armed Forces of Ukraine (Kiev, Ukraine: Lubava Pub. Co., 1996).
- Code of Conduct for Participants in Military Operations, (Kiev, Ukraine, Ministry of Defense: Lubava, 1995).
- Derechos Humanos: Decalogo de las Fuerzas del Orden, (Lima, Peru: Comando Conjunto de las Fuerzas Armadas, 1993).
- Foreword, in Honor Killing (Daniel Akbari & Paul Tetreault, 2014).
- Is the Use of Coercive Interrogation or Torture Permissive and Effective as a Counter-terrorism Method?, in Contemporary Debates on Terrorism (Richard Jackson; Samuel Justin Sinclair, 2012).
- Radical Islam’s Manipulation of the Media (with Nathanial Fulmer & Robert Gunn), in Terrorism Research & Analysis Project (TRAP): A Collection of Thoughts, Ideas,Perspectives, Vol. 1 (Andrew Bringuel, ed., 2011).
- Cyberterrorism: Legal and Polices Issues, in Legal Issues in the Struggle Against Terror (John Norton Moore & Robert Turner, eds., 2010).
- The War on Terror: War or Metaphor?, in Political Leadership (Joseph Masciulli, Mikhail A. Molchanov & W. Andy Knight, eds., 2009).
- Institutionalizing Human Rights in the Militaries of the Emerging Democracies: The Case of Peru, in Fear of Persecution: Global Human Rights, International Law, and Human Well-Being, (James D. White & Anthony J. Marsella, eds., 2007).
- Teaching Intelligent Design and the Anthropic Principle in the Public Schools, in 1-3
- Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties (Paul Finkelman, ed., 2006).
- The Role of Special Operations Forces in the War on Terror, in The Global War on Terrorism: Assessing the American Response, (John Davis, editor, 2006).
- (Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Pub. Inc., 2004).
- Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction: A Review and New Paradigm, inTransnational Threats: Blending Law Enforcement and Military Strategies, (Carolyn W. Pumphrey, ed., 2000).
- The Appeal of Dr. Samuel A. Mudd, in Dr. Mudd and the Lincoln Assassination: The Case Reopened, John Paul Jones, ed., 1995).
Articles in a Periodical
- Fifteenth Anniversary of 9/11 – Where Are We?, Homeland Security Today, September 7, 2016.
- Time to Build Another Wing onto GITMO, The Counter Terrorist (International Edition), June/July 2016, at 46.
- Waterboarding is “Torture”? – The Agenda Driven Argument, JURIST, May 2016.
- Torture … and Waterboarding – Here We Go Again, JURIST, April 2016.
- Boyle & Gamble’s Confederate Staff & Field Officer Sword, Confederate Veteran, July-August 2015, at 20.
- Game of Bombs: Obama’s Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime, 3 University of Baltimore Journal of International Law 1 (2015).
- Great Letter to the Museum of the Confederacy, Confederate Veteran, March-April 2015, at 6.
- Using a Civil Suit to Punish/Deter Sponsors of Terrorism: Connecting Arafat and the PLO to the Terror Attacks of the Second Intifada, 4 St. John’s Journal of International and Comparative Law 71 (2014).
- The Strange Case of Lieutenant Waddell: How Overly Restrictive Rules of Engagement Adversely Impact the American War Fighter and Undermine Military Victory, 45 St. Mary’s Law Journal 1, 2013.
- Second Circuit’s Decision Provides Unique Window Into Enemy Combatant Decisions, JURIST, November 2013.
- Radical Islamic Terrorism: Still a Domestic Threat, S.A. [San Antonio] Scene, September 2013, at 55.
- Targeted Killing – Death by Drone, Managing Security Today, September 2013, at 22.
- Dealing with Cyberterrorism – Failure of Imagination, Managing Security Today, June 2013, at 22.
- Terrorism and Weapons of Mass Destruction, Managing Security Today, February 2013,at 22.
- Rightly Dividing the Domestic Jihadist from the Enemy Combatant in the “War Against Al-Qaeda” – Why it Matters in Rendition and Targeted Killings, 45 Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law 259, Fall 2012.
- Nation was Jolted this Summer by Two Unrelated Tragedies, Managing Security Today, September 2012, at 22.
- Maritime Piracy & Private Security Contractors, Managing Security Today, May 2012, at 38 (with Ben Marshall).
- Cyber Security and the Government/Private Sector Connection, American Bar Association’s Government and Public Sector Lawyer’s Division, Spring 2012, Vol. 21, No. 3, at 1.
- Labeling Mexican Cartels as Terrorist Organizations, Managing Security Today, January 2012, at 23.
- Anwar al-Awlaqi and the Law of War, JURIST, October 2011.
- Obama’s Phased Withdrawal Spells America’s Defeat in Afghanistan, Managing Security Today, September 2011, at 12
- American Punitive Damages vs. Compensatory Damages in Promoting Enforcement in Democratic Nations of Civil Judgments to Deter State-Sponsors of Terrorism, 5 University of Massachusetts Roundtable Symposium Law Journal 192 (Winter 2010).
- Calls for National Identity Card to Halt Illegal Immigration, Managing Security Today, September 2010, at 19.
- Efficacy of the Obama Policies to Combat Al-Qa’eda, the Taliban, and Associated Forces-The First Year, 30 Pace Law Review 340 (2010).
- Good News About GTMO and Bagram, JURIST, February 2010.
- No Torture, No Prosecution, JURIST, May 2009.
- The Political Question Doctrine and Civil Liability for Contracting Companies on the “Battlefield,” 28 Review of Litigation 343 (2008).
- The Protect America Act of 2007: A Framework for Improving Intelligence Collection in the War on Terror, 13 Texas Review Law & Policy 43 (2008) (with Congressman Michael T. McCaul).
- The Military Commissions Act: Congress Commits to the War On Terror, JURIST, October 2006.
- The Misuse of Religion in the Global War on Terrorism, 7 Barry L. Rev. 109 (2006).
- Contractors on the “Battlefield”: Providing Adequate Protection, Anti-Terrorism Training, and Personnel Recovery for Civilian Contractors Accompanying the Military in Combat and Contingency Operations, 28 Houston Journal of International Law 323 (2006).
- The Abu Ghraib Story, 2 Israeli Defense Forces Law Review 35 (2006).
- The UN Guantanamo Report: False Premise, Flawed Conclusions, JURIST, March 2006.
- The Practice of Rendition in the War on Terror, 6 The Long Term View 77 (Spring 2006).
- Terrorism Law, 33 The Reporter 157 (2006).
- St. Mary’s Center for Terrorism Law, San Antonio Lawyer, July-August 2006, at 12.
- Military Justice at Abu Ghraib, JURIST, September 2005.
- Cyberterrorism: Partnership Between the Private Sector and the Government, The 9th World Multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, July 2005, at 375.
- Profile: The Center for Terrorism Law, Safeguard Review, Aug./Sept. 2005, at 4.
- Trying Saddam Hussein: Go International or Not?, JURIST, March 2005.
- In Defense of U.S. Counterterror Policies, 9 Peace & Policy 21 (2004).
- Book Review: Law and Bioterrorism, 28 Melbourne University Law Review 253 (2004).
- Into the Star Chamber: Does the United States Engage in the Use of Torture or Similar Illegal Practices in the War on Terror?, 92 Kentucky Law Journal 849 (2003-2004).
- Proposal for a New Executive Order on Assassination, 37 University of Richmond Law Review 751 (2003).
- Storm Clouds on the Horizon of Darwinism: Teaching the Anthropic Principle and Intelligent Design in the Public Schools, 63 Ohio State Law Journal Review 150 (2002).
- Legal and Policy Implications for a New Era: The War on Terror, 4 The Scholar: St. Mary’s Law Review on Minority Issues 209 (2002).
- Building Democracies with Southern Command’s Legal Engagement Strategy, 31 Parameters 72 (2001) (with Guy B. Roberts).
- Promoting Human Rights Values in Cuba’s Post-Castro Military, 3 Journal of National Security Law 11 (1999) (with Manuel Supervielle).
- Las Fuerzas Especiales y la Promocion de los Derechos Humanos, Dialogo, Apr-June 1997, at 13.
- Human Rights and Special Forces, Special Warfare, Dec. 1996, at 30.
- A Special Forces Human Rights Policy, The Army Lawyer, Sept. 1996, at 47.
- Legal Training Handbook for the Ukrainian Military, The Army Lawyer, July 1995, at 60.
- Institutionalizing Human Rights Values in the Militaries of the New Democracies: The Case of Peru (Doctoral Thesis, Charlottesville, VA 1994).
- Recent Army JAG Corps Initiatives to Enhance Human Rights Training at the School of the Americas, The Army Lawyer, Dec. 1994, at 45.
- Policy Guidance for the Transfer of DoD Installations to the Government of Panama, The Army Lawyer, Oct. 1994, at 68.
- Promoting the Rule of Law and Human Rights, Military Review, Aug. 1994, at 38, (with Andrew M. Warner), reprinted in part as Nuevas Misiones para los Auditores Militares: Promoviendo el Imperio de la Ley en las Fuerzas Armadas de Democracias Emergentes e Inestables, Military Review Edicion Hispanoamericana, May-June
1994, at 2.
- 25th Anniversary of My Lai: Time to Inculcate the Lessons, 139 Military Law Review 153 (1993) (with William A. Hudson, Jr.).
- Military Medical Witness in Litigation, Military Medicine, Apr. 1993, at 126.
- New Missions for JAGs: Promoting the Rule of Law in Militaries of Emerging Democracies, American Bar Association National Security Law Report, Mar. 1993, at 1 (with Andrew M. Warner)
- JAG Corps Poised for New Defense Missions: Human Rights Training in Peru,The Army Lawyer, Feb. 1993, at 78 (with Andrew M. Warner).
- Lecons du Passe – My Lai, 31 Revue de Droit Militaire et de Droit de la Guerre 73 (1992), reprinted in part at 139 Military Law Review 153.
- Operation Desert Storm, R. E. Lee or W. T. Sherman?, 136 Military Law Review 115 (1992) reprinted in Command Magazine, July-Aug. 1992, at 38.
- Codification of the Special Forces Exception, The Army Lawyer, May 1992, at 36.
- The Status of the Diplomatic Bag: A Proposed American Position, 13 Houston Journal of International Law 221 (1991).
- The United States of America: Champion of the Rule of Law or the New World Order? 6 Florida Journal of International Law 63 (1990).
- Proceedings of the First Center for Law and Military Operations Symposium, 18-20 April 1990, The Army Lawyer, Dec. 1990, at 47.
- Developing a Security Strategy for Indochina, 128 Military Law Review 35 (1990).
Foreign presentations include numerous professional lectures at universities and government institutions in Colombia, Peru, Ukraine, Germany, France, Austria, Canada, Thailand, Japan, India, Honduras, Haiti, Egypt, Kuwait, Panama, Guatemala, Albania, Okinawa, South Korea, England, Mexico, Sweden, Ireland, Scotland, Greece, Israel, Russia, Luxembourg, China, and Uruguay.
Presentations in the United States include over 650 appearances at universities, public and private State and Federal institutions, as well as more than 4,000 appearances on radio, print, and television broadcasts to include: Associated Press, New York Times, London Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, USA Today, Miami Herald, Los Angeles Times,Chicago Tribune, Washington Times, Washington Examiner, Army Times, Marine Corps Times,Miami Herald, FOX NEWS Channel, MSNBC, CNN, ABC, PBS, NBC, CBS, NPR, BBC, Voice of Russia, and Al-Jazeera.
Jeffrey Addicott has taught at the following institutions:
- 1980-1981: Adjunct Professor, University of Maryland; Berlin, Germany. Business Law and Government.
- 1982-1983: Adjunct Professor, Central Texas College; Korea. Business Law.
- 1984-1985: Professor, Academy of Health Sciences; San Antonio, TX. Health Law.
- 1988-1989: Adjunct Professor, Chapman College; Tacoma, WA. Graduate level International Law.
- 1989-1992: Assistant Chair, International Law Department, The Judge Advocate General’s School; Charlottesville, VA. Graduate level International Law, National Security law and Criminal Law.
- 1995: Adjunct Professor, Central Michigan University: Washington, D.C. Graduate level International Law.
- 1996: Adjunct Professor, Central Texas College; Central Michigan University; Webster University; Fayetteville, NC. Criminal Law, Graduate level Business Law, Graduate level Administrative Law.
- 1997: Adjunct Professor, Campbell University; Fayetteville, NC. Business Law.
- 1998-2001: Adjunct Professor, Central Michigan University. Savannah, GA; Fort Myers, FL; Fayetteville, NC; Arlington, LA. Graduate level International Law and Administrative Law.